There are three universities in Dublin. Trinity College was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I on the site of the confiscated monastery of All Hallows. The earliest of its surviving buildings dates from 1722. For a long time it was strongly Protestant in bias. University College evolved from the Catholic University of Ireland, whose first rector was Cardinal Henry Newman. At first denied recognition in Britain, it was granted university status in 1853. It is now part of the National University of Ireland, established in 1909. Its arts and science faculties are now situated on a suburban campus (of 121 ha/300 acres) at Belfield, 5 km/3 mi southeast of the city centre, and 4 km/2.5 mi from the original site of the Catholic University in Earlsfort Terrace, part of which now houses the National Concert Hall. Dublin City University is in the suburb of Glasnevin.

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